Exodus – 16 | Sin, Food, Sabbath, and Trust

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16:1 They took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. 16:2 The whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness; 16:3 and the children of Israel said to them, “We wish that we had died by the hand of Yahweh in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the meat pots, when we ate our fill of bread, for you have brought us out into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”

16:4 Then said Yahweh to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from the sky for you, and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in my law, or not. 16:5 It shall come to pass on the sixth day, that they shall prepare that which they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.”

16:6 Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, “At evening, then you shall know that Yahweh has brought you out from the land of Egypt; 16:7 and in the morning, then you shall see the glory of Yahweh; because he hears your murmurings against Yahweh. Who are we, that you murmur against us?” 16:8 Moses said, “Now Yahweh shall give you meat to eat in the evening, and in the morning bread to satisfy you; because Yahweh hears your murmurings which you murmur against him. And who are we? Your murmurings are not against us, but against Yahweh.” 16:9 Moses said to Aaron, “Tell all the congregation of the children of Israel, ‘Come near before Yahweh, for he has heard your murmurings.'” 16:10 It happened, as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of Yahweh appeared in the cloud. 16:11 Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 16:12 “I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, ‘At evening you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread: and you shall know that I am Yahweh your God.'”

16:13 It happened at evening that quail came up and covered the camp; and in the morning the dew lay around the camp. 16:14 When the dew that lay had gone, behold, on the surface of the wilderness was a small round thing, small as the frost on the ground. 16:15 When the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, “What is it?” For they didn’t know what it was. Moses said to them, “It is the bread which Yahweh has given you to eat.” 16:16 This is the thing which Yahweh has commanded: “Gather of it everyone according to his eating; an omer a head, according to the number of your persons, you shall take it, every man for those who are in his tent.” 16:17 The children of Israel did so, and gathered some more, some less. 16:18 When they measured it with an omer, he who gathered much had nothing over, and he who gathered little had no lack. They gathered every man according to his eating. 16:19 Moses said to them, “Let no one leave of it until the morning.” 16:20 Notwithstanding they didn’t listen to Moses, but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and became foul: and Moses was angry with them. 16:21 They gathered it morning by morning, everyone according to his eating. When the sun grew hot, it melted. 16:22 It happened that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one, and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 16:23 He said to them, “This is that which Yahweh has spoken, ‘Tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to Yahweh. Bake that which you want to bake, and boil that which you want to boil; and all that remains over lay up for yourselves to be kept until the morning.'” 16:24 They laid it up until the morning, as Moses asked, and it didn’t become foul, neither was there any worm in it. 16:25 Moses said, “Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to Yahweh. Today you shall not find it in the field. 16:26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day is the Sabbath. In it there shall be none.” 16:27 It happened on the seventh day, that some of the people went out to gather, and they found none. 16:28 Yahweh said to Moses, “How long do you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? 16:29 Behold, because Yahweh has given you the Sabbath, therefore he gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days. Everyone stay in his place. Let no one go out of his place on the seventh day.” 16:30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

16:31 The house of Israel called its name Manna, and it was like coriander seed, white; and its taste was like wafers with honey. 16:32 Moses said, “This is the thing which Yahweh has commanded, ‘Let an omer-full of it be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.'” 16:33 Moses said to Aaron, “Take a pot, and put an omer-full of manna in it, and lay it up before Yahweh, to be kept throughout your generations.” 16:34 As Yahweh commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. 16:35 The children of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land. They ate the manna until they came to the borders of the land of Canaan. 16:36 Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.


The Israelites prove to be slow learners. Last chapter God saves them from the Egyptians and they don’t trust him to provide for their needs. Now they enter the land of Sin, and are hungry and again demand God lead them out only to kill them. These people are really slow. (But before you gloat, look back into your life and the needs you had. We will probably find that we are no better. When God cures one crisis, we head straight into another, and wonder if God will provide). God is always in charge, and for a human trust is a huge thing to for us to learn. The Sabbath, and the food God provides are two pillars of trust. God in Genesis rested on the seventh day of creation. Now God asks his people to do the same, and trust that he will provide for that lost day of work. God sets the example by taking one human day off his work. He requires of the his people, as an outward sign that they trust him. He gives them a double helping of the food on the 6th day of the week, and tells them not to gather food on the seventh. The people who tried found none, testing God’s patience with them.

Strangely, some of us don’t trust God today, even though we have seen him deliver time and time again. Instead we complain and squirm each time God leads us to a new and possibly uncomfortable place. God is trying to grow us and make us better people who can more effectively serve him. I for one do not want to defy my creator. I want to trust him in all things, the world as we know it seems to be crumbling around our feet. Our Creator using the book of Daniel and the Book of Revelation told us the world would get worse than any man can imagine before the he returns to bring peace. God is letting man have his own way, and run the world by the ways of Man. God is standing by letting the Man create abject destruction so that we can all be sure that the power of Man will never match the power of God. God has proven the hearts of men to so selfish and so prideful that will destroy all who oppose them, and since they oppose God, we as Christians, Jews, and other God fearing people are seen as a threat. God’s people have nearly been wiped from the face of the earth several times, but like a noxious weed we keep popping up in their field of destruction.

We need to be angry at their actions, but we need to love them and point them to our father and creator. We need to share God’s truth, and show them our hope, so that they themselves, have a chance to know real peace. Not all who do evil are un-redeemable, some are seeking God’s peace, they just don’t know it yet. It’s ok, the be angry, God himself gets angry, but we are to be shinning lights and shinning stars in a world of darkness. God can do great things in you, just trust and obey. God gave us the end game, take the time to understand the past, the presence and the future. It might be the end of the world as we know it, but we will be fine. Begin your study here

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